Diabetes is becoming more rampant over time in the USA alone, as well as in other different countries in the world. In fact, according to the CDC, the latest report had found that 11.3% men and 11.7% women in the USA are diagnosed with some form of diabetes.
And, there are several types of diabetes that are quite common. There is Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where your pancreas is attacked and can no longer produce insulin. That said, the only treatment that is effective for Type 1 diabetes is insulin injections. However, Type 2 is not as serious as Type 1, but it needs to be controlled and managed.
Type 2 diabetes happens when the pancreas become too stressed to produce enough insulin to help regulate blood sugar. And, if Type 2 diabetes is not properly managed, then it can turn into Type 1 which is something that all patients want to avoid.
Sometimes the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes are not noticeable but in most cases, the symptoms that come with diabetes are:
- Excessive urination – Diabetic patients have an excess amount of sugar in their blood considering there is not enough insulin to regulate glucose. Therefore, the body is doing everything possible to remove the extra glucose and that explains the frequent urination. Sometimes having to go to the bathroom all of the time is not a sign of diabetes as it can be a result of an overactive bladder. However, if you are thirsty all of the time, then that is a bad sign.
- The thirst that does not go away – Because you are going to the bathroom all of the time, you are going to be very thirsty. If you don’t drink enough water, then you are going to dehydrate quickly.
- Bad breath – You are dealing with dehydration from diabetes so that said, you are going to be constantly having a dry mouth. The lack of saliva increases the growth of bacteria. Additionally, diabetics end up using fat instead of glucose for energy, and that process is called ketosis. When you are in ketosis, chemicals called ketones are released and that causes your breath to have an acetone odor.
- Bruises and cuts don’t heal quickly – The excess amount of blood sugar reduces your blood’s ability to clot quickly, and you may end up getting skin infections because the extra glucose becomes a breeding ground for bacteria.
- Tingling and numbness in your hands and feet, or itchiness – Because there is too much glucose in your blood, your circulation will be affected and you will end up experiencing these sensations in your hands and feet.
- Blurry vision – Because your blood sugar is not managed, it can cause a fluid build-up in your eyes which results in not seeing well.
- Unexplained weight loss – Since your body is unable to use glucose for energy, it uses your fat instead which explains unintentional weight loss that is associated with diabetes.
- Extreme fatigue – Another result of your body’s inability to break down blood sugar is the overwhelming fatigue you feel.
These symptoms of diabetes affect both men and women. If you are having at least 2 of these symptoms, then you must go make an appointment with your doctor to have your blood sugar checked.
Normal fasting blood sugar levels are from 72 to 99 mg/dL, and after you eat, your blood sugar can go up to 140 mg/dL. However, if your fasting blood sugar is above 99 mg/dL, then that is a sign that you are diabetic.
And, if you found out that you are diabetic, don’t panic. You will be fine as long as you properly manage the condition. You will be referred to a dietician who can give you guidance on how to take care of your diabetes, and as long as you follow the steps, you will be okay. And, in some cases, Type 2 diabetes can be reversed if you have not had the condition for a while with diet and exercise. The bottom line is as long as you properly manage Type 2 diabetes, it will be under control and will not develop into Type 1 diabetes.