Eczema currently affects between 10 and 20% of infants. One of the things that you need to know about eczema is that this is the general term that it is used for medical conditions that lead the skin to become irritated or inflamed.
One of the most common types of eczema is atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis. Even though there is not a cure for eczema, the truth is that the disease can be controlled.
The Symptoms Of Eczema
One of the most common symptoms of eczema is itching. The truth is that no matter which part of your skin is affected. In most cases, the itching starts before the rash appears. While rashes don’t always occur, when they do, they tend to appear on feet, hands, wrists, back of the knees, and on the face.
The most affected areas usually look scaly, thickened, and very dry. And in case you have fair skin, these areas will start becoming reddish and then they will turn brown. On the other hand, if you have dark skin, eczema also changes the tone of your color. It will make the affected area either darker or lighter.
The Causes Of Eczema
The reality is that no one really knows what causes eczema. However, doctors and scientists believe that it should be connected to a response of your body’s immune system to an irritant.
Another thing that you should keep in mind is that genetics may also have a role in eczema. After all, it is many times found in families who have a history of asthma or allergies. In addition, since it destroys your skin natural barrier, it may allow germs in and moisture out.
Some people may start noticing the flare-ups when they use certain substances or are in specific conditions. While for some people the simple contact with coarse or rough materials may be enough, for others the trigger is when they are too hot or too cold, the getting in touch with animal dander, and even the exposure to certain household products such as detergent or soap.
Notice that eczema is not contagious.
How Is Eczema Diagnosed?
The eczema diagnosis can be made by your primary care provider, dermatologist or pediatrician. However, you shouldn’t wait for a formal diagnosis with exams and so on. The reality is that since there aren’t tests to determine eczema, the doctor will simply look at your skin as ask a few questions. This is the only way he has to determine if you actually suffer from eczema or not.
Another method that some doctors use to determine if you have eczema is to perform some allergy tests. Since many people who suffer from eczema also have allergies, these tests may allow the doctor to determine possible triggers or irritants.
As we already mentioned above, there is no cure for eczema. However, there are treatments available. The main goal of eczema treatment is to prevent and relieve itching. After all, when the itching is severe, it can lead to infection.
Taking into consideration that eczema leaves your skin itchy and dry, there are many creams and lotions available on the market that are recommended to ensure that you can keep your skin moist. When the itching is too strong, you can also use cold compresses for some relief.